The route of Christ’s suffering

Bažnyčia ir koplyčios. Vytauto Razmos fotografijaThe church and the chapels of late Vilnius Baroque are among the most beautiful architectural monuments of the second half of the 18th century. The general structural principles and the concept of a New Jerusalem embodied in the ensemble reflect the cultural and spiritual tradition of the 17th century Catholic Church.

Many of the New Jerusalems erected in Poland and elsewhere in Europe mirrored the actual topographic features of Jerusalem at the time of Christ, considering the entire distance from the room of the Last Supper to the Hill of Golgotha and the intervals between the stations. The establisher of the Calvary of Vilnius had also measured the intervals between stations in steps and positioned separate parts of “the town of Jerusalem” with respect to different countries of the world, in order to mirror the topography of Jerusalem. To give some examples, the distance from Pilate’s Palace to the station of the Deposition from the Cross is 1321 steps, the distance from the Mount of Olives to the site of the Crucifixion is 6000 steps, that from Caiaphas’ to Pilate’s – 1000 steps from Pilate’s to Herod’s – 350 steps and so on .

XXVI. Veronika nušluosto Viešpačiui Jėzui veidą. Arnoldo Stasiulio fotografijaBased on the already mentioned description of the Holy Land and the route of Jesus’ suffering by Adrichomium, the Calvary of Vilnius is divided into two parts. The Way of Arrest (from the Room of the Last Supper to the Fourth Gate of the Old Town) includes 20 stations marked by eight chapels, a bridge over the Kidron, a masonry gate and seven wooden gates. The Way of the Cross (from Pilate’s Palace to the Hill of Golgotha) includes 15 stations marked by 12 masonry chapels. Images of three stations are located at the church, two outside and one within.